♥ Feel free to contact us!♥


Phone:+86 13167175132

High Speed Steel Supplier

what is high speed steel?——High-speed steel (HSS) is a special type of tool steel with excellent wear resistance, heat resistance, and cutting performance. It is an alloy steel typically composed of carbon (C), tungsten (W), molybdenum (Mo), cobalt (Co), chromium (Cr), vanadium (V), and other elements. These alloying elements impart unique performance characteristics to high-speed steel, making it highly popular in industrial applications such as high-speed cutting, drilling, and milling.

ClassificationAlloying ElementsKey Features and Applications
Tungsten High-Speed Steel (T1, T15, T42)Tungsten (W) as the primary alloying element, typically in high concentrations– Very high hardness and wear resistance – Suitable for high-speed cutting, drilling, and milling
Molybdenum High-Speed Steel (M1, M2, M42)Molybdenum (Mo) as the primary alloying element– Good heat resistance – Suitable for high-speed cutting and milling
Cobalt High-Speed Steel (Co5, Co8)Cobalt (Co) added to enhance heat hardness and cutting performance– High wear resistance – Suitable for high-temperature cutting and cutting of alloy steels
Vanadium High-Speed Steel (V10, V15)Vanadium (V) added to improve toughness and heat hardness– High heat resistance – Suitable for high-speed drilling, milling, and turning
Chromium High-Speed Steel (Cr12, Cr12MoV)Chromium (Cr) provides good corrosion resistance– Suitable for cutting high-strength stainless steel, tool steel, and mold steel
Powder Metallurgy High-Speed Steel (PM-HSS)Manufactured using powder metallurgy processes– Uniform microstructure – Used for producing high-performance cutting tools

High-speed steel (HSS) typically contains varying percentages of carbon, depending on the specific grade or type of HSS. The carbon content in high-speed steel is typically within the range of 0.7% to 1.5%. The carbon content is an important factor that influences the hardness, wear resistance, and high-temperature performance of the steel.

Different grades of high-speed steel may have different carbon content to achieve specific properties. In addition to carbon, HSS also contains alloying elements such as tungsten, molybdenum, vanadium, and chromium, which contribute to its exceptional hardness, wear resistance, and ability to maintain sharp cutting edges at high temperatures.

High-speed steel (high speed steel) is a type of tool steel known for its exceptional properties, making it suitable for cutting tools, drills, and other applications where high wear resistance and heat resistance are required. Here are some of the key properties of high-speed steel:

  1. High Hardness: High speed steel is known for its high hardness, which allows it to maintain a sharp cutting edge and withstand abrasive wear, making it suitable for machining and cutting applications.

  2. Excellent Wear Resistance: High speed steel has excellent resistance to wear and abrasion, ensuring that cutting tools made from this material have a longer tool life.

  3. High Heat Resistance: One of the most important properties of high-speed steel is its ability to maintain hardness and cutting performance at elevated temperatures. This is crucial for cutting tools that generate heat during use.

  4. Good Toughness: While high-speed steel is very hard, it also possesses good toughness, which means it can absorb shock and impact without shattering. This property is important in tooling applications.

  5. Excellent Red Hardness: High speed steel can maintain its hardness even at high operating temperatures, which is crucial for cutting and machining materials at high speeds.

  6. Resistance to Softening: High-speed steel resists softening at high temperatures, which is essential for applications where tools are exposed to intense heat during machining.

  7. High Strength: It has a high tensile and compressive strength, ensuring that tools made from high-speed steel can withstand the forces applied during machining.

  8. Versatility: High speed steel is versatile and can be used for a wide range of cutting tools, including drills, end mills, taps, and saw blades.

  9. Resistance to Galling: High-speed steel has good resistance to galling, a type of wear that occurs when metals rub against each other.

  10. Corrosion Resistance: While not as corrosion-resistant as stainless steel, high-speed steel has reasonable resistance to oxidation and corrosion, which is important for tools used in various environments.

It’s worth noting that there are many different grades and types of high-speed steel, each designed to offer a balance of these properties for specific applications. The choice of high-speed steel grade depends on the specific cutting or machining needs and conditions.

High-speed steel (HSS) possesses various advantages and disadvantages, making it suitable for specific applications while not as ideal for others. Here are the key advantages and disadvantages of high-speed steel (HSS):

Advantages of High-Speed Steel (HSS):

  1. High Hardness: High-speed steel is known for its exceptional hardness, enabling it to maintain a sharp cutting edge, even at elevated temperatures.

  2. Outstanding Wear Resistance: It exhibits excellent resistance to wear, resulting in longer tool life and reduced tool replacement frequency.

  3. Heat Resistance: High-speed steel retains its hardness and cutting performance at high temperatures, making it suitable for high-speed cutting applications.

  4. Toughness: Despite its hardness, high-speed steel is tough, with the ability to withstand impacts and shock without fracturing.

  5. Versatility: High-speed steel can be used to produce a wide range of cutting tools, including drills, end mills, reamers, taps, and saw blades.

  6. Resistance to Softening: It resists softening at high operating temperatures, maintaining tool integrity during extended use.

  7. Red Hardness: High-speed steel retains its hardness even at high operating temperatures, essential for high-speed cutting operations.

  8. High Strength: High-speed steel boasts excellent tensile and compressive strength, enabling tools to withstand machining forces.

  9. Corrosion Resistance: It offers good resistance to corrosion and oxidation, making it suitable for applications in harsh environments.

  10. Economical: In many applications, high-speed steel is a cost-effective tool material when compared to alternatives like carbide or ceramics.

Disadvantages of High-Speed Steel (HSS):

  1. Limited Heat Resistance Compared to Carbides: High-speed steel may not perform as well as carbide tools in extremely high-temperature cutting applications.

  2. Cost: High-speed steel tools can be more expensive than some alternatives like carbide, particularly in high-heat applications.

  3. Not Suitable for All Materials: High-speed steel may not be the best choice for cutting some exotic or very hard materials, where specialized tool materials may perform better.

  4. Not as Hard as Superhard Materials: In applications requiring extreme hardness, superhard materials like polycrystalline cubic boron nitride (PCBN) and diamond outperform high-speed steel.

  5. Tool Life: While high-speed steel offers a long tool life, it may not last as long as advanced ceramic or carbide tools in specific cutting conditions.

  6. Relatively High Friction: High-speed steel can generate more heat due to friction compared to ceramic and carbide tools, impacting cutting speed and tool life.

The selection of high-speed steel or alternative materials depends on specific cutting needs and conditions. High-speed steel remains valuable due to its versatility and overall performance, but it may not be the best choice for every situation. The choice should align with the specific requirements of the cutting task at hand.

Main models of high speed steel

M1 high speed steel

M1 Steel

M1 steel, a high-speed tool steel, boasts excellent wear resistance and is commonly used for cutting tools and industrial applications where high-speed machining and durability are essential.

m2 high speed steel

M2 Steel

M2 steel is a high-speed tool steel renowned for its excellent wear resistance and heat tolerance. It’s widely used in cutting tools, such as drills and end mills, due to its durability and ability to maintain sharp edges at high speeds.

m42 high speed steel

M42 Steel

M42 steel, a high-speed tool steel, is recognized for exceptional wear resistance and heat tolerance. It’s employed in cutting tools, like drills and saw blades, to maintain sharp edges under high-speed conditions.

t1 high speed steel

T1 Steel

T1 steel, a high-speed tool steel,renowned for its exceptional wear resistance and toughness. It’s suitable for high-speed cutting tools like drills, used in a wide range of high-speed cutting applications.

t15 high speed steel

T15 Steel

T15 steel, a high-speed tool steel,boasts extremely high hardness and heat resistance. It’s used in high-speed drilling and milling, particularly for cutting heat-resistant materials.

Application of high speed steel

High-speed steel (HSS) is a versatile material known for its exceptional hardness, wear resistance, and heat resistance, making it suitable for various applications in the manufacturing and cutting tool industry. Here are some common applications of high-speed steel:

Cutting Tools:

HSS is widely used for cutting tools in machining and metalworking, such as drills, end mills, reamers, broaches, and taps. It can maintain a sharp cutting edge, even at high cutting speeds, making it ideal for metal cutting applications.

Application of high speed steel
Application of high speed steel

Saw Blades:

HSS saw blades are employed for cutting and shaping materials like metal, wood, and plastics. They are valued for their durability, high-speed cutting abilities, and long tool life.

Lathe Tools:

High-speed steel lathe tools are used for shaping and turning workpieces on lathes. They provide excellent wear resistance and precision machining capabilities.

Application of high speed steel
Application of high speed steel

Planer Blades:

In woodworking, HSS planer blades are utilized for smoothing and shaping wooden surfaces, ensuring clean cuts and reduced tool wear.

Drill Bits:

HSS drill bits are commonly used in metalworking and woodworking to create holes in various materials. They are valued for their hardness and ability to maintain cutting performance over time.

Application of high speed steel
Application of high speed steel

Taps and Dies:

High-speed steel taps and dies are used in threading operations, producing threads in metal and other materials with precision.

Other issues you may be concerned about

High-speed steel (HSS) is produced by various manufacturers worldwide. The sources of high-speed steel include both well-known international manufacturers and local suppliers. Some of the prominent global suppliers of high-speed steel are:

  1. Crucible Industries: A well-established manufacturer of specialty steels, Crucible Industries produces a range of high-speed steel grades.

  2. Bohler-Uddeholm: This Austrian-based company offers a wide selection of high-speed steel products under the Uddeholm brand.

  3. Sandvik Materials Technology: Sandvik, a Swedish company, provides high-quality high-speed steel grades used in cutting tools and other applications.

  4. Carpenter Technology Corporation: An American company, Carpenter Technology, manufactures and supplies specialty alloys, including high-speed steel.

  5. Mitsubishi Materials: This Japanese company produces high-speed steel and offers a range of cutting tools made from HSS.

  6. Nippon Koshuha Steel Co., Ltd.: A Japanese steel manufacturer known for its high-speed steel products used in cutting applications.

  7. Daido Steel Co., Ltd.: Daido Steel, another Japanese company, produces high-quality high-speed steel and related materials.

  8. Erasteel: A global manufacturer of high-speed steel and powder metallurgy products, with a wide distribution network.

  9. Nachi-Fujikoshi Corp.: A Japanese manufacturer known for its cutting tools and HSS products.

These are just a few examples of companies that produce high-speed steel. The choice of supplier may depend on factors such as location, specific steel grades required, and customer preferences. It’s essential to select a reputable supplier with a track record of producing high-quality HSS to ensure the desired performance and tool longevity.

High-speed steel (HSS) and high carbon steel (HCS) are both types of steel used in various applications, but they have distinct differences in terms of composition, properties, and applications:

High-Speed Steel (HSS):

  1. Composition: HSS contains alloying elements such as tungsten, molybdenum, chromium, vanadium, and cobalt. These alloys enhance its hardness, wear resistance, and high-temperature performance.

  2. Properties:

    • Exceptional hardness and wear resistance.
    • Excellent cutting performance at high speeds and elevated temperatures.
    • Good toughness, allowing it to withstand impacts and shock during machining.
    • Retains its hardness and cutting edge under high temperatures, making it suitable for high-speed cutting applications.
    • Versatile and used in various cutting tools, including drills, end mills, reamers, and taps.
  3. Applications: HSS is commonly used for cutting and machining applications, particularly in metalworking and machining industries where tools need to withstand high-speed cutting operations and elevated temperatures.

High Carbon Steel (HCS):

  1. Composition: HCS has a higher carbon content compared to regular carbon steels. Its main alloying element is carbon, which typically ranges from 0.60% to 1.00%. It may also contain trace amounts of other elements depending on the specific grade.

  2. Properties:

    • Moderate hardness.
    • Good machinability and formability.
    • Limited wear resistance compared to HSS.
    • Lower toughness compared to HSS.
    • Susceptible to heat-induced softening and losing its hardness at elevated temperatures.
  3. Applications: HCS is often used for applications where hardness and wear resistance are not primary concerns. It is commonly found in products like hand tools, cutlery, springs, and low-stress components. HCS can be easily machined and shaped, making it suitable for applications where formability is essential.

In summary, the main difference between HSS and HCS lies in their alloying elements, which significantly affect their properties and applications. HSS is known for its exceptional hardness, wear resistance, and high-temperature performance, making it suitable for high-speed cutting tools. HCS, on the other hand, is primarily used for applications that require moderate hardness and formability but do not demand the high-performance characteristics of HSS.

High-speed steel (HSS) is found and used in various industries and applications where cutting, machining, and tooling operations are essential. Here are some common places and applications where high-speed steel is found:

  1. Metalworking and Machining Industries:

    • HSS cutting tools, such as drills, end mills, reamers, taps, and milling cutters, are widely used in metalworking and machining processes.
    • HSS is found in workshops, manufacturing facilities, and machine shops that perform turning, milling, drilling, and other metal-cutting operations.
  2. Aerospace and Aviation:

    • HSS tools are used to machine and shape aerospace components, including aircraft parts and engine components.
    • The aerospace industry relies on HSS for its ability to withstand high-speed cutting operations.
  3. Automotive Manufacturing:

    • HSS tools are employed in the production of automotive components, including engine parts, transmission components, and brake system parts.
    • Automotive manufacturers use HSS to achieve precision machining.
  4. Construction and Tool Manufacturing:

    • HSS is used in the production of construction and building tools such as drill bits, saw blades, and metal-cutting tools.
    • Hand tools like chisels, punches, and wrenches may also contain HSS components.
  5. Mold and Die Making:

    • The manufacturing of molds and dies for plastic injection molding, die-casting, and stamping often involves the use of HSS cutting tools.
  6. Woodworking Industry:

    • HSS blades and cutting tools are used in woodworking for shaping and cutting wood, including planers, jointers, and saws.
  7. Oil and Gas Drilling:

    • HSS drill bits are utilized in oil and gas drilling operations for their ability to cut through hard and abrasive materials efficiently.
  8. Medical Devices Manufacturing:

    • The medical industry uses HSS tools in the production of precision medical instruments and devices, including surgical tools and orthopedic implants.
  9. General Maintenance and Repair:

    • HSS tools can be found in workshops and repair facilities for general maintenance, repair work, and DIY projects.
  10. Cutlery and Kitchen Utensils:

    • Some high-quality kitchen knives and cutlery items use HSS blades due to their sharpness and edge retention.
  11. Machine Tool Manufacturing:

    • HSS is used in the production of machine tools, lathe tools, and cutting inserts.
  12. Fastener Production:

    • HSS is used to create fasteners such as taps and dies used for threading and screw production.

High-speed steel is valued for its ability to maintain a sharp cutting edge, resist wear, and perform well at elevated temperatures, making it an essential material in many industrial and manufacturing sectors.

Tool steel and high-speed steel (HSS) are both specialized steels used in cutting, machining, and tooling applications. While they share some similarities, they have distinct differences. Here’s a comparison of tool steel and HSS:

  1. Composition:

    • Tool Steel: Tool steel is a general term for various steels designed for tool and die making. It includes a wide range of steel types, including carbon tool steel, alloy tool steel, and high-speed tool steel.
    • HSS: High-speed steel is a specific type of tool steel known for its ability to maintain high hardness at elevated temperatures. HSS contains significant amounts of tungsten, molybdenum, chromium, and vanadium.
  2. Hardness and Toughness:

    • Tool Steel: Tool steels can vary in hardness and toughness depending on the specific type. They are typically hardened to provide wear resistance but may not maintain their hardness at high temperatures.
    • HSS: HSS is known for its exceptional hardness and toughness. It can maintain its hardness at high temperatures, making it suitable for high-speed cutting applications.
  3. Heat Resistance:

    • Tool Steel: Traditional tool steels are not designed for high-speed or high-temperature cutting operations. They may lose their hardness and cutting edge at elevated temperatures.
    • HSS: HSS excels in high-speed cutting applications because it retains its hardness and cutting performance at elevated temperatures. This property is crucial for applications where cutting generates significant heat.
  4. Cutting Speed:

    • Tool Steel: Tool steel is suitable for a wide range of cutting applications but may not be optimized for high-speed machining operations.
    • HSS: HSS is designed for high-speed cutting and can withstand the rigors of such operations without significant wear and edge deterioration.
  5. Applications:

    • Tool Steel: Tool steel is used for various cutting tools, dies, and molds, as well as for applications that don’t require high-speed cutting, such as cold working and shaping operations.
    • HSS: HSS is specifically used in high-speed machining operations, including drilling, milling, reaming, and turning, where the ability to maintain a sharp cutting edge at high cutting speeds is essential.
  6. Cost:

    • Tool Steel: Tool steels are available in a range of price points, depending on the specific type and composition.
    • HSS: HSS is often more expensive than traditional tool steels due to its specialized alloying elements and high-temperature properties.
  7. Edge Retention:

    • Tool Steel: Tool steel may require more frequent tool changes in high-speed applications because it can lose its edge faster.
    • HSS: HSS maintains its cutting edge for longer periods in high-speed operations, reducing the need for tool changes.

In summary, tool steel is a broad category that includes various types of steels for tool and die making, while HSS is a specific subset of tool steel known for its ability to withstand high-speed and high-temperature cutting operations. The choice between tool steel and HSS depends on the specific cutting needs and operating conditions.

Table of Contents

Other Products

Stainless Steel Wire

Other Metal...


Does Aluminum Conduct Electricity?

Of course yes, aluminum conduct electricity. Aluminum is a metal known for its excellent electrical conductivity. This attribute makes it an attractive option for various applications in the electrical and electronics industries. Here’s a detailed exploration of aluminum’s electrical conductivity, its comparison with other metals, and its usage in electrical applications.

Read More »

Does aluminum rust?

Aluminum does not rust in the traditional sense like iron does, because it lacks iron, which is essential for rust to form. However, aluminum can undergo a process known as aluminum corrosion, which is quite different from rusting. This difference is crucial because while “aluminum rust” is a misnomer, the corrosion of aluminum still involves a reaction with the environment, albeit through a different mechanism.

Read More »

Is carbon steel magnetic?

Carbon steel magnetic, mainly due to the presence of iron in it. Iron is a magnetic element, and when iron atoms are arranged to form a ferromagnetic region, they form a magnetic moment in that region and exhibit strong magnetism. Carbon steel is an alloy of iron and carbon, which has a high content of iron, and therefore carbon steel is also magnetic.

Read More »

Does carbon steel rust?

Yes, carbon steel rust when exposed to moisture and oxygen, as the iron content in carbon steel reacts with these elements to form iron oxide, commonly known as rust. However, rusting can be delayed or prevented through protective coatings, alloying, and regular maintenance.

Read More »

What is 304 stainless steel?

304 stainless steel is a general-purpose stainless steel material that is widely used in a variety of applications due to its excellent corrosion resistance and processing properties.

Read More »
alloy steel vs carbon steel

alloy steel vs carbon steel

In the vast realm of steel, both alloy steel and carbon steel emerge as pivotal players, each boasting unique characteristics that cater to diverse industrial applications. Understanding the nuanced distinctions between these two categories unveils a tapestry of properties, classifications, and application fields that shape their roles in the world of materials engineering.

Read More »
304 stainless steel mesh

304 Stainless Steel Mesh

Huaxiao Metal Corp offers top-notch 304 Stainless Steel Mesh, renowned for its corrosion resistance and durability. With precision manufacturing and diverse weaving patterns, our meshes cater to a wide range of applications, ensuring reliability and excellence in filtration, chemical processing, and beyond. Trust in quality with Huaxiao Metal Corp.

Read More »
201 stainless steel sheets

201 stainless steel sheet

201 stainless steel sheet is a type of austenitic stainless steel that belongs to the 200 series, characterized by its chromium and nickel content. It offers a combination of good formability, corrosion resistance, and cost-effectiveness.

Read More »

Send an inquiry now and we will give you a professional quote within 24 hours

Scroll to Top

Feel free to contact us

If you need our products, please leave us a message with the specific specifications and quantity through the window on the right! 

Reply within 24 hours

Get a Free Inquiry!